Checking an opponent into the boards when his back is turned
away from the penalized player.


When your stick strikes an opponent above the shoulders.



When a player impedes the progress of an opponent who does not have the puck or is in pursuit of the puck.



When a player takes more than three steps or leaves his feet before hitting an opponent.


Assessed when a player grabs a hold of an opponent or his equipment.


A penalty that suspends a player for the remainder of a game.


A check rendered with both hands on the stick, and the extending of the arms, while the check is being delivered.


Impeding the progress of another player by hooking them with the blade of your stick.



when a player swings his stick hard at an opponent.




Any player who uses his elbow or knee in such a manner as to in any way foul an opponent.



When the team with puck shoots it from behind the center line across the opponent’s goal line and the opposing team touches it first.


When a player places his stick or a part of his body under or around the feet or legs of an opponent causing him to lose his balance.



CENTER: the center player in the forward line who usually leads his team’s attack when they are trying to score a goal; he takes part in most of the face-offs; he controls the puck and tries to score or pass it to a teammate who is in a better position to score a goal.

WINGER: Two players, who flank the center on his right and left sides and, with him, make up the attacking unit or forward line.

DEFENSEMEN: two players who make up a team’s defensive unit usually stationed in or near their defensive zone to help the goalie guard against attack; sometimes they lead an attack. The left defenseman covers the left half of the rink, the right defenseman plays to the right, but they can skate into each other’s territory.

GOALTENDER: the heavily padded player who guards the goal; prevents opponents from scoring by stopping the puck any way he can.


ICING: When the team defending their own goal sends the puck down the rink into their opponents end, past the goal line, and a member on the opposing team touches it first, excluding the goalie. A face-off results in the offending team’s defensive zone. A team with a player serving a penalty is allowed to ice the puck for the duration of the penalty.

OFFSIDES: a violation which occurs when both skates of an attacking player cross the opponent’s blue line before the puck is passed or carried into the attacking zone; also called when a player passes the puck from his defending zone to a teammate across the red center line (two-line pass).


Minor Penalty: a type of penalty lasting 2 minutes; if the non-penalized team scores a power play goal during this time, the penalty ends immediately.

Double minor: a type of minor penalty given for certain accidental infractions that result in an injury to another player or for certain deliberate attempts to injure an opponent that are unsuccessful; penalty time of 4 minutes is served, double the time of a normal minor penalty.

Major: a type of individual penalty called for more serious infractions of the rules; of 5 minutes in duration whether or not the non-penalized team scores.

Misconduct: A ten minute penalty sometimes added with a major penalty. The team is not shorthanded during the player’s misconduct.

Game Misconduct: When a player is ejected from the game for a flagrant infraction or too many minor penalties.

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